Building Information Modeling(BIM)
Elements of BIM
Processes refer to the specific order of work activities with a beginning, an end, and a clear identification of the inputs and outputs of each stage
Policies refer to the principles and rules to guide the decision-making process. Policies are framed to develop standards and best practices to minimize disputes between the parties involved.
People make the difference and therefore are the most important. Effective management by people can only lead to successful BIM. Important people in Building Information Modeling usually include: BIM director, BIM manager, BIM consultant, BIM technologist.
Information: There are two types of information: models and documents. Models are digital data that are the representation, reproduction, or simplified version of an object, road, bridge, building etc. They are stored in a file format and can be exchanged and shared to support the decision-making process for the construction of the infrastructure, buildings etc. Documents are the digital version of papers, drawings, prints, images and video.
Technologies refer to the software and hardware tools used to manage the various stages of the Building Information Modeling process.
Construction woes take a backseat with Building Information Modeling. It allows more intelligent use of resources, optimization of workflows and leads to productivity and profitability. It allows all interested parties to assess the same information at the same time through the interoperability between different technological platforms. It leads to better outcomes through more effective communication and collaboration.
Be it project management, land surveying, road design, structure design or construction- the role of Building Information Modeling has almost become indispensable for beyond the ordinary results. Using BIM, owners can improve building quality, significantly reduce building lifecycle costs, better understand design projects from beginning to end, optimize operational efficiencies and increase occupancy and use rates.
In construction, Building Information Modeling could be used to monitor the productivity of a construction process. BIM brings the opportunity to try out solutions in advance before building the structure on site: with a constructible model, the structure can be prototyped virtually. Project parties can understand and review the design more easily, which helps guarantee its accuracy and completeness, and visualize and evaluate alternatives in terms of cost and other project parameters. BIM leads to better communication between project parties and better quality.
BIM does not solely refer to buildings, but to all sectors that have to do with construction including: roads, railways, utilities, bridges, tunnels, structures, architecture, topography etc.