Architectural Design

As with all forms of technological design, Architectural Design is concerned with satisfying human needs. The outcome or result of architectural design usually  should be emphasized upon a large-scale environmental building. The activity of our architectural design shall consists of certain kinds of tasks done in a specific order,

The Architectural Design Process

The Architectural Design Process begins when a client identifies a need to accommodate new or expanded activities with a new building, or the enlargement of an existing building. We shall prove to client our competence  in order to determine the client that we  have the combination of experience, skill and resources that will make them the best choice to design the building.

We shall work  closely with the client in order to clearly understand their needs. Then as a  architect we will produce a Design Program. This is a written document which will spell out the characteristics of that the new building. The Design Program shall be  a design brief for the building. It will begin with a Problem Statement – design objectives – describing the general characteristics of the proposed building. Its style or overall appearance will be directly connected to the subject  how it relates to its surroundings energy and environmental impacts.

The Program shall also include Design Requirements. These will be in the form of detailed and specific properties of that the building must encompass. These are also referred to as design criteria.
The Design Requirements shall include
  • Space List – the functional areas that are to be provided. Sizes and Dimensions – the floor area and critical lengths and heights of the spaces. Proximity Relationships – how close the spaces must be to each other and the type of access between them.
  • Fixtures and Fittings – detailed built-in features and equipment required to support the functions of the spaces. Special Features – anything unusual that will be provided in order for the spaces to function properly.
  • Working with the client we as a architect we will also identify the budget (maximum cost) for the project, divided into individual cost elements, such as site services, parking and roadways, landscaping, foundations, structure, building envelope, etc.
  • Working with the client we as a architect will also determine the project schedule, including critical dates and lengths of time required for various parts of the design and construction work.
Schematic Design shall be a search for an essential organizing principle. An idea that will suggest the overall arrangement and form for individual and groups of spaces that make up the building. There will be the series of steps to the Schematic Design phase: Schematic Design shall make  the creation of ‘Bubble Diagrams’ illustrating the approximate size and relative position of spaces, both the horizontally and vertically; Schematic Design shall be. ‘fleshing out’ the Bubble Diagrams  into two-dimensional rough Schematic Plan layouts and three-dimensional Massing Models, by incorporating specified floor areas and critical dimensions consisting lengths and heights of Spaces; Schematic Design shall make out  studying the Massing Models on the site considering: the location of the building relative to property lines inclusive of  setbacks, topography and other physical features the orientation of the building to sun, winds, other buildings and surroundings access to/from the building and site. Schematic Design shall make adjustments to the Schematic Plans and Massing Models  to closely integrate the building and site the building is shaped to fit the site and/or the site is altered to  accommodate the building. During Schematic Design, a number of alternative design ideas shall be generated, and brought to the same level of resolution. This process involves switching back-and-forth between two-dimensional Schematic Plans and three-dimensional Massing Models checking that the requirements of the design Program are generally being satisfied. The alternative Schematic Designs shall be  presented to the client who shall  comments on, select and approve  the ‘best’ design alternative for further elaboration in the Design Development stage of the process. During Design Development we shall revise the approved design in response to the client’s comments and needs and the Schematic Design shall be  developed to a greater level of detail During Design Development.
We shall coordinates the work of other design professionals who are responsible for different aspects of the building Engineers who design the structural, mechanical and electrical services inside the building. We shall coordinate with Civil engineers and landscape architects who design the grading, drainage, planting and site features outside the building. We do possess all services in-house under one roof.

During Design Development decisions shall be  made about the materials and methods of construction to be used especially with respect to the building envelope in order to ‘realize’ the design concept that was established by the Schematic Design.

During Design Development the space plan shall be worked out in detail to ensure that the layout of the interior and circulation spaces, will allow the building to function the way it is intended to prove its functionality and building service systems shall be designed that will support the function of individual spaces.

The developed design shall be  presented to the client for review and approval, At this point, the overall design, and the budget, shall be  ‘frozen’. Design work will now proceed to the next stage

Detail design shall be of  the many construction details of the building, such as the way that the materials and components of the building envelope are joined together to create a continuous air and vapor barrier. Detail Design shall be  the design of the many construction details of the building, such as the arrangement, size and shape of stairs, ramps, elevators and other parts of the building’s circulation system. Detail Design shall be  the design of the many construction details of the building, such as the fabrication of doors and screens and the assembly of the partitions that create the interior space plan of the building. Detail Design shall also includes the design of the many fixtures and fittings – built-in components of the building – such as cabinets and counters and the selection of interior finishes such as floor coverings, ceilings, paint and coatings. For this work the we may engage the services of another design professional our in house  an interior designer.